On the basis of analysis of 27-year trends of the continuation of summer painter da vinci thawing periods, a clearly expressed tendency for enlargement of the continuation of ice cover thawing summer periods in Arctic Seas and Ocean was demonstrated.
For priorities specification in nature-conservative activity and optimization of the net of biosphere reserves of Russia with the help of the programs mabfauna/mabflora, the inventory was carried out and the databases on biodiversity were composed.
This system allows analysis of spatial patterns of allocation in separate species of these animals, zonal, sector and altitudinal changes of their communities, and also their influence on land tilling.The level of its genetic diversity constituted only.1.One of the priorities was the study of the experience of traditional nature management in the human populations of the Far North.The modern scientific bases of northern deer-raising were developed.The methods of estimation of the thickness and age of Arctic sea ice were developed with the help of neural networks.Object for study, in arid ecosystems of Russia and adjacent countries, an important role is assigned to saigas, the number of which at present has lowered drastically until 5-10 of the level of the beginning of 90s.The estimates for the areal, activity and mobility of the females of white bear were got for the first time in the Barents, Kara and Laptev Seas and the dependence of females' migrations on dynamics of ice cover and reproductive status was shown; the hypothesis.For the first time, long-term databases allowing analysis of different hypothesis about mechanisms of behavior and adaptation of the white bear to rapidly changing conditions of the Arctic area were created.Original works on space monitoring have a special importance for the study of global climatic changes and their influence on the status of big mammals of Arctic area.According to telemetry data, the localizations of generic and temporal dens, the data of bedding and going out of the dens were determined; the activity and directions of migrations of females together with calves after their going out of the dens were estimated.For the first time it was shown that Kalmyk population differed from three Kazakhstan populations in haplotypes and took a special place tabelle taglie scarpe salomon in population structure of the species.The results of long-term stationary works on the study, conservation and restoration of biodiversity of natural and transformed ecosystems on the Yenisei ecological transect serve as an admitted model of complex regional studies of biota.A notion of "agrophilia" was introduced and it was established that agriculture within Russia facilitated prosperity of three - four species-agrophiles, but led to depletion of biodiversity at ecosystem level.On the basis of created maps of the thickness it was shown that for the period of a marginal, but stable lowering of ice cover thickness had taken place, which was caused by global warming.In biosphere reserves, 43 alien invasive species of mammals were revealed.Tel., mAIN results, object for study, the original geoinformation system (GIS) "Populations of rodents and pikas of Russia and adjacent territories" was created.Object for study, theoretical studies and numerous expedition works of the member of the Lab in different regions of the country allowed determination of the main principles of realization of regional monitoring, protection, use and reproduction of the objects of animal and plant world.It has been established that the broadening of the plague range under modern rates of global climatic changes is possible in various parts of the areal, but only on limited areas.With the help of the GIS, for the first time the map of rodent and pika populations (the scale of 1:15 mln) was prepared, which was accepted for publication in the National Atlas of Russia.Coordination of scientific activity of the Reserves of Russia was fulfilled.
High correlation between results of ground-based observations of the moment of going out from the dens for the ringed seal in the Bering and Chuckchee Seas, and obtained by us estimations of the data of ice thaw beginning was got.
Headed by Ilyashenko Valentin Yuryevich,.
A map of potential areal of plague (.
For the purpose of assurance of priority-driven nature-conservative activity and optimization of the net of biosphere reserves of Russia, revelation of the focuses of mammalian endemism and the territories with the greatest diversity of amphibians and reptiles was carried out.